|“||I must say that I regret nothing.||„|
|~ Eichmann while awaiting his trial in Israel, quoted in LIFE magazine, December 1960.|
Eichmann was born in Solingen, Germany to a businessman. At the suggestion of Ernst Kaltenbrunner, he joined the Austrian branch of the NSDAP. Throughout his career, he became one of the top Nazis in the SS Organization. 1942, Reinhard Heydrich made Eichmann attend the Wannsee Conference. This got him the right to send Jews to German concentration camps. Eichmann was responsible for planning and overseeing the mass deportations and exterminations of the Holocaust, which earned him the nickname, "the architect of the Holocaust."
After World War II, Eichmann was taken into U.S. Custody. He eventually eluded the Nuremberg War Trials and stayed in hiding in Argentina. He tried to evade his pursuers with the name Ricardo Klement. The Israeli intelligence service Mossad located and abducted him. He was brought back to Israel in secret for trial. At his trial, his lawyers were Dr. Robert Servatius and Dieter Winkelmann. The prosecutors were Gideon Hausner, Gabriel Bach, and Yaakov Bar-Or. Despite his pleas, Eichmann was eventually found guilty by the three judges and sentenced to death. His appeals were rejected. Before his execution, he rejected a last meal and instead had a bottle of dry red Israeli wine, of which he drank about half. He refused to wear a hood during his execution. He was executed by hanging before midnight on May 31st, 1962. Right up until his execution, Eichmann showed no remorse for his involvement in the Holocaust, and his last words included one final praise to Adolf Hitler.
His body was later cremated and his ashes were scattered at sea beyond the territorial waters of Israel by an Israeli Navy patrol boat.