Chun Doo-hwan (born January 18, 1931) was a ROK Army general and the dictator and president of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. After the assassination of Park Chung-Hee, many South Koreans were hoping that democracy would rise in the country, until Chun was elected as a dictator. He was sentenced to death in 1996 for his heavy-handed response to the Gwangju Democratization Movement in 1980 but later pardoned by President Kim Young-sam with the advice of then President-elect Kim Dae-jung, whom Chun himself had sentenced to death some 20 years earlier.